security risk analysis numbers
Bachelor of Science in
Security and Risk Analysis - Information and Cyber Security Option

Courses

The Bachelor of Science in Security and Risk Analysis is intended to familiarize you with the general frameworks and multidisciplinary theories that define the area of security and related risk analyses. Courses in the major will engage you in the challenges and problems associated with assuring information confidentiality and integrity (e.g., social, economic, technology-related, and policy issues), as well as the strengths and weaknesses of various methods for assessing and mitigating associated risk. 

To acquire the B.S. in SRA, you are required to successfully complete a minimum of 120 credits.

Because the IT profession is constantly changing, continued learning remains key to advancing your career. As you consider your education options, you might also be interested in the Associate in Science in ISTUndergraduate Certificate in IST, or the Undergraduate Certificate in SRA, as you work toward your bachelor’s degree. Many of the credits in these programs may be applied to the requirements for your bachelor’s degree, so that means you can benefit from Penn State's highly regarded name on your résumé even sooner. Your adviser can help you plan the best path for you to achieve your goals.

Prescribed Courses for the Major (26 credits)

Students must earn a grade of C or better in all prescribed courses for the major.

  • 3
    credits

    The use, analysis, and design of information systems and technologies to organize, coordinate, and inform human enterprises.

  • 3
    credits

    Introduction to the concept of databases, including the storage, manipulation, evaluation, and display of data, and related issues.

  • 3
    credits

    Legal environment of information technology, constitutional/political issues, intellectual property, management, e-commerce, privacy, access, computer contracting, cyberspace regulation.

    • Prerequisite

      IST 301 or SRA 231

  • 1
    credit

    Supervised off-campus, nongroup instruction including field experiences, practica, or internships. Written and oral critique of activity required.

    • Prerequisite

      prior approval of proposed assignment by instructor

    • Note

      Internships provide valuable experience for students; however, we recognize that situations vary and some students, due to work or other commitments, are unable to adjust their schedules. You are encouraged to contact your adviser to make arrangements for suitable activities in lieu of an internship.

  • 3
    credits

    This introductory course spans areas of security, risk, and analysis covering contexts in government agencies and business organizations.

  • 3
    credits

    Provides an understanding of the overview of information security including security architecture, access control, and internet secure applications.

    • Prerequisite

      SRA 111 and IST 110 and CMPSC 101

  • 3
    credits

    Provides an overview of decision theoretical and analytical concepts and tools in the security risk analysis field.

    • Prerequisite

      SRA 111, STAT 200

  • 4
    credits

    Descriptive Statistics, frequency distributions, probability and normal distributions, statistical inference, linear regression, and correlation.

    • Prerequisite

      Placement into MATH 21 or higher.

Additional Courses for the Major (21–23 credits)

Writing Courses (select 3 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    Writing for students in scientific and technical disciplines.

    • Prerequisite

      ENGL 15, ESL 15, ENGL 30, and 4th Semester standing OR ENGL 137H, ENGL 138T, and 4th Semester standing

  • 3
    credits

    Writing reports and other common forms of business communication.

    • Prerequisite

      (ENGL 15 or ESL 15 or ENGL 30) and 4th-semester standing OR (ENGL 137H and ENGL 138T) and 4th-semester standing

PSYCH/SOC Courses (select 3 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    Introduction to general psychology; principles of human behavior and their applications.

    • GS

      The credits earned in this course may be applied toward the Social and Behavioral Sciences (GS) requirement.

  • 3
    credits

    Current social problems such as economic, racial, and gender inequalities; social deviance and crime; population, environmental, energy, and health problems.

    • GS

      The credits earned in this course may be applied toward the Social and Behavioral Sciences (GS) requirement.

Economics Courses (select 3 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    This course introduces students to microeconomic principles in the context of food and agriculture.

  • 3
    credits

    Methods of economic analysis and their use; price determination; theory of the firm; distribution.

  • 3
    credits

    National income measurement; aggregate economic models; money and income; policy problems.

Math Courses (select 3–5 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    Relations, functions, graphs; polynomial, rational functions, graphs; word problems; nonlinear inequalities; inverse functions; exponential, logarithmic functions; conic sections; simultaneous equations.

    • Prerequisite

      MATH 021 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination.

  • 3
    credits

    Trigonometric functions; solutions of triangles; trigonometric equations; identities.

    • Prerequisite

      MATH 21 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination

  • 4
    credits

    Functions, graphs, derivatives, integrals, techniques of differentiation and integration, exponentials, improper integrals, applications.

    • Prerequisite

      MATH 22 or MATH 40 or MATH 41 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination

  • 4
    credits

    Functions, limits; analytic geometry; derivatives, differentials, applications; integrals, applications.

    • Prerequisite

      MATH 22 and MATH 26 or MATH 26 and satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination or MATH 40 or MATH 41 or satisfactory performance on the mathematics placement examination.

GEOG or PLSC Courses (select 3 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    Contemporary international affairs in their geographical setting; geographic elements in the development of national power, political groupings, and international disputes.

  • 3
    credits

    This course examines the American democracy by looking at the dynamic interaction between the founding ideals of the United States government, the institutions established by the Constitution, and the ongoing contest for power within and through those institutions.

  • 3
    credits

    Characteristics of modern nation-states and forces governing their international relations; nationalism; imperialism; diplomacy; current problems of war and peace.

Statistics Courses (select 3 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    This course emphasizes how to summarize data using descriptive statistics, how to make data-driven decisions using inferential statistics, and how to critically evaluate data presented in the media, all within the context of security, risk, and analysis. This is both a theory and application course. Students will learn about statistical theories, such as regression, and chi-square analyses, and apply their knowledge of these theories by analyzing and interpreting data using a statistical software package.

    • Prerequisite

      STAT 200

    • C or better

      A student enrolled in this course must receive a grade of C or better.

  • 3
    credits

    Review of hypothesis testing, goodness-of-fit tests, regression, correlation analysis, completely randomized designs, randomized complete block designs, latin squares.

    • Prerequisite

      STAT 200 or STAT 240 or STAT 250 or STAT 401

    • C or better

      A student enrolled in this course must receive a grade of C or better.

Programming Courses (select 3 credits)

  • 3
    credits

    A first course in concepts and skills for application development.

    • Prerequisite

      C or better in MATH 21 or placement above the level of MATH 21 in the mathematics placement test.

    • Recommend preparation

      MATH 22

    • C or better

      A student enrolled in this course must receive a grade of C or better.

  • 3
    credits

    Fundamentals of computational thinking, including reasoning about problems at multiple levels of abstraction, and analyzing code for its behavior, efficiency, and correctness.

    • Prerequisite

      2 entrance units in mathematics

    • C or better

      A student enrolled in this course must receive a grade of C or better.

  • 3
    credits

    Introduction to programming techniques design and implementation of algorithms. Structured programming. Problem-solving techniques. Introduction to a high-level language, including arrays, procedures, and recursion

    • Prerequisite

      MATH 110 or prerequisite or concurrent MATH 140

    • C or better

      A student enrolled in this course must receive a grade of C or better.

Prescribed Courses for the Information and Cybersecurity Option (15 credits)

Students must earn a grade of C or better in all prescribed courses for the option.

  • 3
    credits

    Introduction to digital network topologies, transmission media, signal modulation, digital packet switching and routing, systems integration, communications management, and security.

  • 3
    credits

    Assessment and mitigation of security vulnerabilities for people, organizations, industry sectors, and the nation.

    • Prerequisite

      SRA 231

  • 3
    credits

    Fundamental issues and concepts of network security, network security technologies and protocols, and emerging technologies in network security.

    • Prerequisite

      C or better in IST 220 and SRA 221

  • 3
    credits

    Fundamental issues and concepts of computer forensics; aspects of computer and cybercrime; methods to uncover, protect, exploit, and document digital evidence; tools, techniques, and procedures to perform computer and cybercrime investigation.

    • Prerequisite

      C or better in IST 220 and SRA 221

  • 3
    credits

    Contemporary security issues; security management processes, architecture, and models; risk analysis and management; security planning, analysis, and safeguards; security policies development and administration; contingency planning, incidence handling, and response; and security standards and certification processes.

    • Prerequisite

      C or better in IST 220 and SRA 221

Additional Courses for the Information and Cybersecurity Option (select 3 credits)

Students must earn a grade of C or better in all additional courses for the option.

  • 3
    credits

    Problem-based approach to technology integration by focusing on real-life problems faced by an organization.

    • Prerequisite

      ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D and seventh-semester standing (this course is intended for seniors)

  • 3
    credits

    The Security and Risk Analysis Capstone course is designed to provide IST students enrolled in the SRA major to experience a semester-long security and risk problem-solving experience, providing realistic security dilemmas requiring a solution process that is well suited for teamwork and collaboration.

    • Prerequisite

      SRA 221 and SRA 311 and ENGL 202C or ENGL 202D

Supporting Courses and Related Areas for the Information and Cyber Security Option (12 credits)

Select 12 credits from College-approved list. At least 3 credits must be at the 400-level. 

Electives (select 5–13 credits)

Students can choose electives in consultation with their adviser.

General Education Requirements

Some General Education requirements may be satisfied by courses required for the major. Students should work with an adviser to select courses.

  • Arts (GA): 6 credits
  • Humanities (GH): 6 credits
  • Health and Wellness (GHW): 3 credits
  • Natural Sciences (GN): 9 credits
  • Social and Behavioral Sciences (GS): 6 credits
  • Writing and Speaking (GWS): 9 credits
    A student must receive a grade of C or better in GWS courses.
  • Quantification (GQ): 6 credits
    A student must receive a grade of C or better in GQ courses.
  • Integrative Studies: 6 credits
    This requirement only applies to students starting in summer 2018 or later. Learn more about the Integrative Studies options and consult your academic adviser when choosing courses to fulfill these requirements. Integrative Studies credits may be completed within the thirty Knowledge Domain credits and must be completed with either Inter-domain or Linked courses, not a combination of both.

Course Availability

If you're ready to see when your courses will be offered, visit our public LionPATH course search (opens in new window) to start planning ahead.

Old Main at Penn State

Ready to Learn More?

Get the resources you need to make informed decisions about your education. Request information on this program and other programs of interest by completing this form.

* required 1/3

I agree to be contacted via phone, email, and text by Penn State World Campus and affiliates. Privacy Policy. reCAPTCHA protected. Google Privacy Policy and Terms of Service.